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Benoît Fourneyron (October 31, 1802 – July 31, 1867) was a French engineer, born in Saint-Étienne, Loire. Influenced by Claude Burdin, Fourneyron made significant contributions to the development of water turbines.
In 1827 he built his first working example of a new type of waterwheel - a turbine. It had a horizontal wheel on a vertical shaft, having two sets of blades, curved in opposite directions. It was compact, efficient, and could utilise water at high pressure.
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See also here.