Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Caterham District Asylum

From Graces Guide

of Coulsdon Road, Caterham

Built by the Metropolitan Asylum's Board and designed to accommodate 1,560 inmates - 860 females in 6 blocks and 700 males in five blocks. The architects was John Giles and Burn

1868 April 22nd. Foundation stone laid and building contractors was John Chappell who laid a single track railway from Stoat's Nest Station, to the site. Stoat's Nest Station - was opened by the L&BR on 12 July 1841, and stood approximately at the junction of present-day Windermere Road and Stoat's Nest Road. It was not used as a regular station after 1856 but remained as a good's yard and it seems that the tramway ran from this point.

1869 April 21st. '...The visitors Saturday hardly saw the place under the best advantages, for the weather was cold and wet, and altogether cheerless. Nevertheless nearly 200 gentlemen went down special train from London-bridge to Stoat's Nest Station, and were dragged thence a steep incline on the three-mile tramway, laid down by the contractor. The miserable weather caused the ceremony to be shortened, a projected procession to be abandoned...'[1]

1870 October 9th. Opened

1873 Extensions added for a further 160 females

1881 Known as the Caterham Lunatic Asylum for Safe Lunatics and Imbeciles

1920-41 Known as Caterham Mental Hospital

1941 Became known as St. Lawrence's Hospital

1991 Hospital closed.

Notes

1911 Census reports that the Metropolitan Asylum, Caterham had 2,021 inmates (1,104F/917M) with 185 resident staff (58M/127F) and also 20 staff family members.[2]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Clerkenwell News - Wednesday 21 April 1869
  2. p98-187