Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Charles Chubb

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of Chubb and Sons

1772 Born, probably in Fordingham, Hants., son of Charles Chubb (1744-1790)

Served an apprenticeship as a blacksmith

Established a hardware business in Portsea.

1798 Living in Winchester when he married Maria Hayter in Salisbury[1]

1818 His brother, Jeremiah, invented the detector lock, which was soon recognised as the best of its kind.

1818 Charles and Jeremiah Chubb moved to Wolverhampton to manufacture locks but this business was not successful; Jeremiah went to France and then America.

1819 Is this the same person: The partnership between James Absalom and Charles Chubb of Portsea, as builders and carpenters, was dissolved[2]

Charles Chubb continued to manufacture and sell the locks in Portsea. Within a few years he was able to expand the business and established further offices in London.

With Ebenezer Hunter he later patented further improvements to the lock.

1823 Bankruptcy proceedings were instituted against Charles Chubb, late of Portsea, in the County of Southampton, Ironmonger, Dealer and Chapman[3]

1823 He was awarded a special licence of the royal household. Attracted a number of other high profile customers.

1824 Of Portsea. Ironmonger. Patent for an improved lock. [4]

1828 Dissolution of the partnership between Charles Chubb and James Hook, as Locksmiths, at 57, St. Paul's Church-Yard, in the City of London, and at Portsea, in the County of Southampton, under the firm of Charles Chubb and Co.; the business was continued by Chubb[5]

1828 Jeremiah Chubb, having lived in America as a machinist, returned to Britain.

1830 Charles established a lock factory in Temple Street, Wolverhampton. This led to great rivalry between Chubb and other Wolverhampton locksmiths, resulting in lock-picking contests held in public.

1832 In business at St Paul's Churchyard as an ironmonger and patent lock manufacturer when he took his son John as an apprentice[6]

1838 Renewed commission of bankruptcy awarded and issued forth against Charles Chubb, late of Portsea, Ironmonger, Dealer and Chapman[7]

1839 Jeremiah and Charles were co-patentees for improvements to safes.

1841 Received the royal warrant to the Prince Consort.

1841 Charles Chubb 65, patent lock maker, lived in Islington with Maria 65, Jane 35, Lucy 30, Clara 2[8]

1841 John Chubb, the eleventh child, went into partnership with his father.

1846 Charles died and was succeeded by his son John Chubb

1847 Jeremiah died in Winchester, Hampshire.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Parich records
  2. London Gazette 19 Jan 1819
  3. London Gazette 6 May 1823
  4. Mechanics Magazine 1824/08/07
  5. London Gazette 28 Mar 1828
  6. City of London Admission of Freeman
  7. London gazette 12 Oct 1838
  8. 1841 census
  • Obituary of Charles Chubb, ODNB