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British Industrial History

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Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway

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New Swindon in 1847.

The Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway was a broad gauge railway that linked the Great Western Railway at Swindon, Wiltshire, with Cheltenham.

The line between Cheltenham and Gloucester was worked jointly with the Birmingham and Gloucester Railway; that between Gloucester and Standish Junction was worked jointly with the Bristol and Gloucester Railway. Both these railways became part of the Midland Railway and caused Isambard Kingdom Brunel to lay down mixed gauge tracks along this section of line before any of his other broad gauge railways. Despite this joint working, the stations were generally independent with the individual railways providing duplicate facilities at Cheltenham, Gloucester and Stonehouse.

1836 Authorised by Act of Parliament

1840 Railway opened from Cheltenham to Gloucester

1841 Railway opened from Swindon to Cirencester

1843 Railway company sold to Great Western Railway

1844 Absorbed into the Great Western Railway

1845 Railway opened from Kemble to Gloucester leaving Cirencester on a short branch

1847 Independent station opened at Cheltenham


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