Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 135,172 pages of information and 215,041 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
Edward Shickle Cowper (1790–1852), printing engineer and university teacher
1790 February 25th. Born at Southwark, the son of Edward Cowper, a tea dealer.
1804 Apprenticed to Benjamin Lepard, a wholesale stationer in Covent Garden
1813 Patent for a paper-cutting machine.
1816 Patent for curved stereotype plates, for printing rolls of paper for hangings and other purposes
1817-21 With his youngest brother Ebenezer Cowper they were engaged by the Bank of England to develop a system of printing banknotes that would be difficult to forge
1818 December 4th. Married Applegath's sister, Ann (d. 1836).
1820 Cowper left the partnership and became a consulting engineer
1823 Patent for printing a web of paper or fabric
1827 Patent for printing music.
1827 The brothers brought out for The Times a new steam-powered ‘multiple’ machine with four cylinders which delivered 4,000 sheets per hour, the most rapid of all machines working flat formes. Versions of the machine to cut rolls of paper into sheets, which Cowper patented in 1828, were used by many country newspapers until the early twentieth century.
Trading as E. and E. Cowper, Edward and his younger brother Ebenezer manufactured and installed printing machinery throughout Europe.
1830 Edward Cowper of Streatham Place, Brixton Hill, a machine printing press maker, became a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers.
1839 Cowper was appointed as part-time lecturer in the civil engineering department of King's College, London
1852 October 17th. Died at his home 9 Kensington Park Villas, after an illness in the early part of the year