Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Edwin Smith

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Edwin Smith (c1848-1934), Managing Director of Smith and Grace, and later of Smith and Grace Screw Boss Pulley Co

1861 Living at Bridge Street, Thrapston: Nathaniel Smith (age 47 born Kettering), Engine Manufacturer. With his wife Ann Smith (age 45 born Thrapston) and their nine children; George Smith (age 19 born Stamford), Engine Smith; Mary Smith (age 16 born Stamford); Edwin Smith (age 14 born Stamford); Harriett Smith (age 11 born Stamford); Emma Smith (age 9 born Stamford); Alfred Smith (age 7 born Kettering); Nathaniel Smith (age 4 born Thrapston); Fanny Smith (age 2 born Thrapston); and William Smith (age 7 months born Thrapston). Note: Three adjoining houses in Bridge Street with Robert Smith, Nathaniel Smith and Henry Smith[1]

c1868 Married (1) to Annie

1881 Living at 20 Bridge Street, Thrapston: Edwin Smith (age 34 born Stamford), Agricultural Engineer, Iron Founder and Implement Maker. With his wife Annie Smith (age 36 born Ringstead, Northants) and their seven children; Florence R. Smith (age 12 born Thrapston); Ellen A. Smith (age 9 born Thrapston); Edwin P. Smith (age 7 born Thrapston); Mildred E. Smith (age 5 born Thrapston); Maud F. Smith (age 5 born Thrapston); Hilda M. Smith (age 3 born Thrapston); and Wilfred S. Smith (age 10 months born Thrapston).[2]

c1895 Married (2) Emily Crawford

1899 George Smith and Edwin Smith of Nene Side Iron Works, Thrapston, gained a patent for a combined fast and loose pulley which is self fixing and interchangeable.

1901 Living at 43 Kirkdale Road, Lewisham: Edwin Smith (age 54 born Stamford), Mechanical Engineer - Employer. With his wife Emily C. Smith (age 43 born Walworth). Two servants.[3]

1911 Living at 47 Sillwood Road, Brighton: Edwin Smith (age 64 born Stamford), Engineer and Iron Founder - Employer. With his wife Emily Crawford Smith (age 53 born Walworth). One visitor. Three servants.[4]

1934 Obituary

IT is with regret that we learn of the recent sudden death, in his own car, of Mr. Edwin Smith, the managing director of Smith and Grace, Ltd., of Thrapston, near Kettering. Mr. Smith, who was eighty-six years of age, was for forty years in charge of the London branch of the firm's business, and attended the London office right up to the time of his death .

He began business about 1860, at which time his firm was solely engaged in the production of agricultural implements. When the steam engine was introduced for farm work, the firm began to fit pulleys to chaff cutters, and other farm machinery, which previously had been turned by hand. The business rapidly increased and pulleys were supplied to other firms of implement makers, until, in 1885, it was necessary for the firm to devote all its attention to the power transmission side of its business, and to give up the manufacture of farm implements. The business grew until the firm has become, to-day, one of the largest manufacturers of pulleys and power transmission devices.

In 1897 a limited liability company was formed, and the principal production of the firm - the screw boss pulley, an invention of the late Mr. Smith's brother - was greatly developed. The Thrapston industrial vee flat drive was also introduced.

During a period of over sixty years Mr. Edwin Smith had personal charge of the sales side of the business, and his death will be regretted by a very wide circle of business friends.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1861 Census
  2. 1881 Census
  3. 1901 Census
  4. 1911 Census