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Ernest Frederick Dawson (1858-1904)
1904 Obituary 
ERNEST FREDERICK DAWSON was a native of Canada, having been born at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, on the 10th May, 1868. After receiving part of his education in Canada, he came to London to complete his studies, and in 1875 passed into the Royal Indian Engineering College, Coopers Hill.
On completing the three years' course at the College ho served for a short period under Mr. (now Sir Alexander) Binnie, at Bradford, in order to gain practical experience.
In 1879 he received an appointment in the Bombay Public Works Department, and, proceeding to India, he commenced his professional career there as an assistant engineer in the Sholapore district of the Presidency, where, under C. T. Burke, he constructed the Sholapore Waterworks for a town of 60,000 inhabitants.
On their completion in 1881 he was transferred to the Belgaum and Dharwar district, and placed in charge of the irrigation works of the Kaladge sub-division, where his principal task was the construction of the Muchkundi Dam.
In the following year he completed a large irrigation weir in the Gokak district, and was busily engaged during 1883 and 1884 in making surveys and estimates, and preparing alternative schemes for large storage reservoirs in the Ghauts.
During 1885 he had charge of the irrigation tanks in the Dharwar district, and in 1886 he succeeded Mr. R. B. Joyner as executive engineer in charge of the Belgaum and Dharwar division. In this position, which he held until 1801, Mr. Dawson was responsible for the following, among other works: the design and construction of large storage works at Gokak; the design of the Hubli Waterworks, subsequently carried out by Mr. W. L. Strange; and the control and maintenance during part of the time of roads and civil and military works in Dharwar Roads district and Belgaum roads and military district.
After a well-earned furlough spent in Canada, he returned to India in December 1802, to be placed in charge of Karachi district, embracing many hundred miles of canals and river embankments requiring constant supervision, besides the maintenance and inspection of buildings and roads, harbour and municipal works. While in charge of the district he carried out many improvements ; but in 1897 he was obliged to go home again on furlough, to recruit his health.
The attention of the Government of Bombay having been directed to the great importance of obtaining more effective control of the River Indus, Mr. Dawson, on returning to India in 1898, was deputed to visit America to investigate and report on the Mississippi regime.
He was absent for six months and on his return in 1899 presented a careful and exhaustive report, for which he received the thanks of the Government. His “Notes on Engineering Works of the Mississippi” published in 1900 bear witness to the careful and painstaking manner in which he carried out the investigation entrusted to him, and form a useful addition to professional knowledge in this important branch of engineering.
After his return from America, Mr. Dawson was appointed Under Secretary of Public Works to the Bombay Government, ably exercising the important functions of this office during trying visitations of famine and plague.
In the early part of 1901, Mr. Dawson designed and carried out for the Punjab Government extensive protection works of the “hurdle dyke” type at Dera Ghazi Ehan, which was threatened with destruction by the River Indus; but owing to the very limited time available and to severe floods, the works could not be successfully completed. The river, however, afterwards ceased its erosive action in that direction.
In his report to the Government of Bombay, Mr. Dawson had strongly urged the creation of an Indus River Commission in Sind. After careful consideration, this proposal was accepted, and Mr. Dawson was appointed Engineer and Secretary to the Commission, in which capacity he did yeoman service in organizing the work of the newly constituted authority. He also acted for a time as Superintending Engineer, left bank of the Indus, whilst continuing to discharge his own heavy duties. But these constant and unremitting labours told severely upon his health, which broke down under the strain, obliging him in March, 1902, to go home to Canada on long leave of absence.
After a year and a half, however, he was on his way back to India, unable any longer to endure his enforced idleness, and in September, 1903,:he took up his old appointment on the Indus Commission ; but although his indomitable spirit sustained him for a time, his work was done.
In March, 1004, he was ordered home, but died in London on the 7th April, 1004. His death at the comparatively early age of 46, removes from the ranks of the profession in India an engineer of marked ability and great promise.
In Mr. Dawson’s personality, an attractive disposition and engaging manners were combined with great force of character which inspired with confidence all who came in contact with him. His knowledge of several Indian languages served him usefully in his relations with native subordinates. He took a keen interest in sport of all kinds, and was himself an enthusiastic sportsman and athlete, having played for England in International football.
Mr. Dawson married in 1882 Alison, daughter of the late Mr. John Steell.
He was elected an Associate Member of the Institution on the 27th May, 1884, and was transferred to the class of Members on the 2nd April, 1901.