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Peter Fairbairn added the construction of engineering tools to his business as the Wellington foundry; the Crimean War gave an impetus to this branch of the business. Fairbairn constructed large machines, utilised at Woolwich and Enfield, for the purposes of cutting, twisting, boring, and tearing iron and steel: cannon-rifling machines, milling machines, planing and slotting machines, and others.
1856 January. Donation to the local Mechanics Institute 
1856 May. Described as Machine Makers 
1856 May. Partnership dissolved.