Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 144,375 pages of information and 230,176 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Fairey Aviation Co: Battle

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1941. Fairey Aviation Co: Battle.

Note: This is a sub-section of Fairey Aviation Co



Light bomber. Powered by the same 1,030 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin piston engine that gave the contemporary Spitfire its high performance; however, the Battle was weighed down with a three-man crew and a bomb load. It was slow, limited in range and highly vulnerable to attack. The prototype Battle first flew on 10 March 1936. When the RAF embarked on the pre-war expansion programme, the Battle became a priority production target with 2,419 ordered. The first production order was for 155 Battles, built to Specification P.23/35 with the first production aircraft completed in June 1937 at Fairey's Stockport factory. It was tested at their Manchester (Ringway) facility.

Production Battles were powered by the Rolls-Royce Merlin I, II, III and V, and took their Mark numbers from the powerplant (ie., a Battle Mk II was powered by a Rolls-Royce Merlin II).

Later production to Specification 32/36 was 1,029 aircraft produced by the Austin "Shadow Factory" at Longbridge.

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