Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Francois Cave

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c.1841 scale model 20T crane at the Musée des arts et métiers

François Cavé (1794-1875) was a French engineer.

In 1826 he opened his own workshops in the Goutte-d'Or district. Products included: machine tools, locomotives, ships, marine engines, stationary steam engines, presses. His son-in-law, Louis Lemaître, ran the adjoining factory at La Chapelle Saint-Denis.

See French Wikipedia entry.

He was born on 12 September 1794 to poor agricultural labourers. After military service, he went to work for John Collier at the rue Richer in Paris. He then became a foreman in a spinning mill in the Clignancourt, where he designed an oscillating engine to replace an existing steam engine. In 1828 he built the machinery for the cross-channel steamer Courrier, which had feathering paddles.[1]

The Musée des arts et métiers have on display a scale model of a Cavé 20 tonne crane ordered by a British railway contractor for the compagnie de chemin de fer du Paris-Orléans. The model was made c.1841 by Pierre Clair.[2]

1843 Large planing machine described and illustrated here and adjacent pages [3]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. 'A History of Technology and Invention', edited by Maurice Daumas, translated from French by Eileeen B. Hennessy
  2. [1] Musée des arts et métiers: Modèle : Grue de Cavé
  3. [2] Bulletin de la Société d'Encouragement pour l'Industrie Nationale, 1843, 42nd year, N. 463-474, Machine à outils mobiles destinée à raboter et dresser les grandes pièces métalliques, employée dans les ateliers de M. Cavé