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Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell, 3rd Earl Cawdor PC, DL, JP (13 February 1847 – 8 February 1911), styled Viscount Emlyn from 1860 to 1898, was a British Conservative politician. He served briefly as First Lord of the Admiralty between March and December 1905.
Cawdor was the eldest son of John Campbell, 2nd Earl Cawdor and his wife Sarah Mary, daughter of General the Hon. Henry Cavendish. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.
Cawdor was Conservative Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire from 1874 to 1885. He succeeded in the earldom in 1898 and served briefly under Arthur Balfour as First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Cawdor took a leading part in the Conservative opposition to Lloyd George's budget of 1909 and in drafting resolutions for the reform of the House of Lords in 1910. He was also involved in Pembrokeshire local affairs, and as Chairman of the Great Western Railway from 1895 to 1905 greatly improved the service.
He married Edith Georgiana Turnor, daughter of Christopher Turnor, on 16 September 1868. They had ten children.
He died in February 1911, aged 63, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son Hugh. Lady Cawdor died in 1926.