Frederick Cleeves (c1843-1925)
1925 Obituary 
FREDERICK CLEEVES died on January 10, 1925, at the age of eighty-two.
He was a well-known figure in the coal industry, and was one of the founders and pioneers of the South Wales anthracite coal trade.
He was elected a member of the Iron and Steel Institute in 1898.
A pioneer in the commercial development of the West Wales anthracite coal trade has passed away in the person of Mr Frederick Cleeves, who died on the 10th inst.at Penmaenmawe, at the age of eighty-two years. Mr Cleeves, was with his son, Mr Charles E. Cleeves, very actively interested in the industry until about ten years ago when he retired. A Londoner by birth, he became early in life secretary of the Rounwood Colliery at Rotherham, and as the owners of that undertaking later obtained an interest in the Gwaun-cae-Gurwen Collieries in South Wales, Mr. Cleeves was sent to that district, and became secretary of the undertaking, which very largely developed as the result of the energy and foresight he displayed.
In course time his interests in the trade expanded substantially, and he was joined by his sons, John, Edward and Charles, who together gave special attention to the development of the continental trade. Mr. Cleeves was also largely interested in other undertakings, including the Cross Hands, Tirydail and Llandebie collieries, and in a company known as the Cleeves Western Valleys Anthracite Collieries, Ltd, which was formed in 1914. About a year ago this company disposed of its interests to the Amalgamated Anthracite Collieries Ltd, and Mr. Cleeves and his sons retired.