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British Industrial History

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Frederick Crace Calvert

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Dr. Frederick Crace Calvert (1819-1873) of F. C. Calvert and Co, English chemist

1819 November 14th. Born in Brompton, Mddx, the son of (Colonel) Alfred Crace (1782-1847), a Nurseryman, who later emigrated to Canada to escape his debts, and adopted the name Crace-Calvert, and his wife Sarah Ann Trery ( -1836)

1835 Nothing is known of Crace-Calvert's early education except that at the age of sixteen he went to France to study chemistry.

From about 1836 until 1846 he lived in France, where, after a course of study at Paris, he became manager of a chemical works - Robiquet, Boyveau, and Pelletier, later acting as assistant to Michel Eugene Chevreul.

1846 On his return to England he settled in Manchester as a consulting chemist, and was appointed honorary professor of chemistry at the Royal Manchester Institution.

Devoting himself almost entirely to industrial chemistry, he gave much attention to the manufacture of coal-tar products, and particularly carbolic acid (for use in the treatment of raw sewage)

Besides contributing extensively to the English and French scientific journals, he published a work on Dyeing and Calico-Printing.

1859 Crace-Calvert founded a manufacturing company F. C. Calvert and Co, which developed an international market for phenol and phenol-based products. It was Crace-Calvert's pure phenol that fostered Joseph Lister's far-reaching work on antiseptic surgery - Lister used phenol to destroy micro-organisms associated with post-operative infections.

1861 Living at 4 Albert Terrace, Moss Side, Lancashire: Frederick C. Calvert (age 41 born Tooting), Analytical Chemist. With his wife Clemence C. Calvert (age 40 born Paris. Two servants.[1]

1867 Married (2) to Jeanne Francoise C. Tanton.

1871 Living at Clayton Vale House, Droylsdon: Fred C. Calvert (age 51 born Tooting), Analytical Chemist. With his wife C. Crace Calvert (age 55 born Ledan, France). Two servants.[2]

1873 October 24th. Died. Crace-Calvert was known for his effusive, somewhat argumentative nature, tempered with a friendly disposition. In 1873 he went to Vienna as a juror at the international exhibition. While there he contracted typhoid, which led to his death at his home, Clayton Vale House, Newton Heath, near Manchester. He was survived by his wife, Jeanne Françoise Clemence Crace-Calvert

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Sources of Information

  1. 1861 Census
  2. 1871 Census