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According to the R.C.T. History society, the first mine sunk in Cwmbach was in 1837 by Matthew Wayne of the Gadlys Ironworks and his son Thomas Wayne, at Abernant-y-groes it was then known as Cwmbach pit. There is a blue heritage plaque on the site at Pit Place, Cwmbach
1827 With money from his success at Nant-y-glo ironworks, Matthew Wayne founded the Gadlys Ironworks, Aberdare, in conjunction with George Rowland Morgan and Edward Morgan Williams.
The works had only one blast furnace for some time, so were quite small compared with those at Abernant, Llwydcoed, etc.
1828 the company sent 444 tons of iron by canal to Cardiff
1829 Williams retired
1835 The works were put up for sale in London
1836 Output was 1291 tons.
c.1836 Wayne's sons joined him in the management of the business
Associated coal-pits were at Pwll Newydd and the Graig Colliery
By 1850, there were four blast furnaces at Gadlys; established the Gadlys Tin Works.
1853 Matthew Wayne died
1857 Blowing-engine installed
1876 Iron production ended
A wagon repair shop built between 1876 and 1897 replaced the casting house. This building now houses the Cynon Valley Museum & Gallery
Today the site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The imposing bulk of the stone-faced blast furnaces remains, as does the 1857 blowing engine house.