George Douglas Campbell
Eighth Duke of Argyll in the peerage of Scotland, and first Duke of Argyll in the peerage of the United Kingdom (1823–1900), politician and scientist
1823 Born at Ardencaple Castle, Dunbartonshire, the second son of John Douglas Edward Henry Campbell and his second wife, Joan, daughter and heir of John and Helen Glassel of Longniddry.
Took an interest in natural science, especially geology.
His tenant on the island of Mull found fossilized leaves intercalated among basalt lava. Argyll announced the discovery to the British Association in 1850 and presented a paper to the Geological Society 'On Tertiary leaf-beds in the Isle of Mull' in 1851.
1856 Opposed the introduction of limited liability, and continued to do so for many years.
1870 Founded the Cooper's Hill College
1880 Lord Privy Seal in Gladstone's second government, formed in April 1880.
1881 Resigned in opposition to Government proposals for a right of "free sale" of land by tenants.
1885 Campaigned against the Government's proposals for "home rule"
1892 Granted a further dukedom, also of Argyll.
1900 Died at Inveraray Castle
Sources of Information
- Biography, ODNB