Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,485 pages of information and 233,925 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Giovanni Battista Amici

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search
Compound microscope at Museo Galileo (Florence). For more information, see here

Giovanni Battista Amici (1786-1863) was an Italian astronomer, microscopist, and botanist.

1786 Amici was born in Modena on 25 March.

After studying engineering and architecture at Bologna, he became professor of mathematics at Modena, and in 1831 was appointed inspector-general of studies in the Duchy of Modena. He then became director of the observatory at Florence. He produced about 300 microscopes and made excellent telescopes, micrometers, camera lucidas, and other equipment.

1863 Amici died in Florence on 10 April.

He introduced improvements in microscopes and in the mirrors of reflecting telescopes. He invented the dipleidoscope and also the direct vision prism. In astronomy he studied double stars, Jupiter's satellites, and the measurement of the polar and equatorial diameters of the sun. His biological studies included the circulation of sap in plants, the fructification of plants, infusoria etc. He was the first to observe the pollen tube.

The above information is condensed from Wikipedia and the Museo Galileo website.

For additional information, see here[1]

A number of Amici's microscopes and telescopes are on display at the Museo Galileo (Florence).

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa website - Giovanni Battista Amici