Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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IBC Vehicles

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IBC Vehicles Limited is a British automotive manufacturing company based in Luton, Bedfordshire and a subsidiary of Adam Opel AG, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors (GM).

Its principal operation is an assembly plant located in Luton, GM Manufacturing Luton, which currently produces light commercial vehicles sold under the Renault, Nissan, Opel/Vauxhall marques.

IBC Vehicles has its roots in Bedford Vehicles, the van manufacturing subsidiary of Vauxhall.

In 1986 the Bedford Vehicles van factory in Luton was reorganised as a joint venture with Isuzu. The resulting company was named IBC Vehicles (Isuzu Bedford Company Limited). Its first product was the Bedford Midi - a badge engineered clone of the Isuzu Fargo midsize panel van, intended to replace the ageing Bedford CF. The Suzuki-based Bedford Rascal microvan followed in 1987.

In 1992 the factory produced a European version of the Isuzu Wizard called the Vauxhall Frontera (LWB) and the Isuzu MU also called the Vauxhall Frontera (SWB) and a range of Renault-designed vans sold under the Vauxhall and Opel brand names. The Bedford name was dropped completely as were all of its preceding range apart from the Midi. The Frontera A was produced from 1992 - 1998 and the Frontera B 1998 - 2004.

In 1998 GM bought Isuzu out of the IBC partnership and renamed the plant to GMM Luton.

It employs around 1,000 persons

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