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James Heywood (1810–1897), politician, university reformer, and philanthropist
1810 born in Everton, Liverpool, the fifth son of Nathaniel Heywood, a partner in the Manchester bank of Benjamin Heywood & Sons, and his wife, Ann, daughter of Thomas Percival, MD FRS. His elder brothers were Sir Benjamin Heywood and Thomas Heywood.
Attended the universities of Edinburgh and Geneva. He entered Heywood's bank at Manchester
1829 On inheriting a fortune from his uncle he gave up banking and returned to study, entering Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1829.
1838 He was called to the bar of the Inner Temple but did not practise.
1838 Founder of the Manchester Geological Society
1839 One of the founders of the Manchester Athenaeum which provided reading rooms and lectures.
1839 Fellow of the Royal Society.
1842 was a local secretary when the British Association met in Manchester in 1842.
1847-57 MP for North Lancashire
Nominated by the crown as a member of the senate of London University, he advocated opening London degrees to women
1897 Died in London