Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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James White (c1763-1826)

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Born in Cirencester.

1825 James White listed in Baines' Directory as a civil engineer, 5 Bedford Street, Chorlton Row, Manchester.

1825 December 17th. Died at Manchester, James White, aged 63, engineer, and author of 'New Century of Inventions'.[1][2]

White's 'A NEW CENTURY OF INVENTIONS, BEING Designs & Descriptions OF ONE HUNDRED MACHINES, RELATING TO ARTS, MANUFACTURES, & DOMESTIC LIFE.' Manchester, 1822, is available online[3]. Other formats available here. Numerous devices invented by White are described and illustrated, showing remarkable ingenuity, and varying degrees of practicality.

His many proposals included varieties of low-friction recirculating ball screws [4]

James White's design for a machine for cutting wooden patterns to mould spiral bevel gears was featured in the American Machinist in 1922 [5]. See also 'Of the Cutting Engine, to form Spur-wheels, on my late Patent principle', p.121, here.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Examiner - Sunday 1 January 1826
  2. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 24 December 1825
  3. [1] 'New Century of Inventions' by James White, 1822. Illustrations in text, links to higher resolution images at end.
  4. [2] 'A New Century of Inventions Being Designs & Descriptions of One Hundred Machines, relating to Arts, Manufactures, & Domestic Life' by James White: p.81, 'Of a screw, with greatlly diminished friction'
  5. [3] American Machinist, 1922, pp.556-7