Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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John Bancroft (1774-1852)

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of Chapel St, Salford, Lancs, where he was a chairmaker (fl.1781–1825). He was in partnership with David Bancroft, Salford, Lancs., chairmaker, (who traded in Collier Sreet in 1804, and at 21 Bloom St from 1808–13. Partnered with John Bancroft in Chapel St, 1804– 18)[1]

Married Elizabeth (Wood) Bancroft (1775-1845) in 1800. Edward Bancroft was one of thirteen children. They lived initially in Salford, where their eldest John (1802-1882) was apprenticed to his father in the family chairmaking firm. Joseph Bancroft (1803-1874), the second son, was apprenticed to his uncle John Bright in his cotton mill in Rochdale. When the chairmaking business foundered, the family moved to Garthgynan Farm, North Wales where they tried farming, unsuccessfully. John and Elizabeth Bancroft subsequently moved to the USA, where her brother John Wood had settled in Wilmington. John and Elizabeth’s son John Bancroft junior had moved to Philadelphia in 1821 to set up a tallow chandler business. His parents and siblings joined him in 1822 (except Joseph Bancroft, who remained in Rochdale to complete his apprenticeship). In 1824 Joseph arrived in Wilmington, where the family had removed to set up a woollen/flannel mill. Information condensed from here[2]. Edward Bancroft was born in Garthgynan in 1811. He married Mary (Sellers), and they had two daughters, Anna P. Bancroft and Elizabeth Bancroft, and a son, John Sellers Bancroft, who was for a time a machinist with William Sellers and Co and later became a partner in the firm.

1822 Emigrated to the USA, initially settling in Wilmington and establishing a small woollen mill.

1826 Moved to Delaware County, Pennsylvania in 1826 and started a flannel mill, and was joined by his sons Samuel and Thomas. Note: Elizabeth (Wood) Bancroft's sister Martha married Jacob Bright, a Rochdale cotton spinner, whose son John Bright became a prominent politician[3]


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. [0=object:97&keywords=&name=&active_from=&active_to=&place=&occupation=&source=All&page=7] from Dictionary of British and Irish Furniture Makers, 1500-1914, via BIFMO website
  2. [1] BAN - Papers of the Bancroft Family 1715-1984: ADMINISTRATIVE AND BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY: Alfred Gillett Trust GB2075 BAN, Papers of the Bancroft Family, 1732-1984 by Charlotte Berry, latest revision 30 Oct 2014 BAN Papers of the Bancroft Family 1715-1984 ADMINISTRATIVE AND BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY
  3. [2] Colonial families of Philadelphia, Volume 1 by John W. Jordan,