Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,518 pages of information and 233,949 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

John Bethell and Co

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John Bethell and Co, of West Bromwich, Tar Distiller and Creosoter of Timber

1838 John Bethell patented a method of preserving timber[1] using "heavy oil" fractions. The demand for timbers preserved in this manner rose greatly with the expansion of the railway network. Bethel & Co also manufactured a range of other products at their Clayton works, including cake alum, Epsom salts and naphtha.

1850 John Holliday was engaged at the works[2]

1865 Bethell had a creosote works at West Bromwich

At some point acquired the Clayton Chemical Works

Partnership of Charles Ithell Bethell and Frederick Pemberton Koe

1886 the firm was declared bankrupt in March 1886.

By 1887 the company was in liquidation.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Obituary of John Bethell
  2. Obituary of John Holliday
  • Archaeological investigation of Clayton here.