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John England, Junior

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John England, Junior (1824-1877)

1824 Born son of John England, attorney at law, in Hull[1]


1878 Obituary [2]

MR. JOHN ENGLAND, JUN., passed his early years at Hull, and entered the profession under the auspices of the late Sir William (then Mr.) Fairbairn, M. Inst. C.E., at whose works in Manchester he served his time as an articled pupil.

In 1847 he was engaged by the late Mr. Charles Vignoles, Past President Inst. C.E., as an Assistant Engineer on the great suspension bridge over the river Dnieper at Kieff, where he remained for three years.

On leaving Russia he emigrated to South Australia, where he practised, on his own account, as a Civil Engineer for six years ; and among other works erected (in conjunction with the late Mr. W. R. Coulthard, Assoc. Inst. C.E.) for the Colonial Government the screw-pile jetty at Glenelg, about 1400 feet long. In October, 1858, Mr. England was appointed, by the Government, Engineer to the Adelaide Waterworks, and in December, 1860, Assistant Engineer to the colony, under the late Mr. William Hanson, M. Inst. C.E. Four years later he received an additional mark of confidence, by being appointed Government Resident Engineer to the South Australian railways, while retaining his post as Waterworks Engineer. These railways were 55 miles in length, and included the Adelaide and Port Adelaide, the Adelaide and Gawler, and the Gawler and Kapunda. His duties as Waterworks Engineer comprised the completion of the water supply to Adelaide and the construction of works for supplying Port Adelaide and Port Augusta, these two latter enterprises being designed and carried out solely by Mr. England.

He remained in South Australia until early in the year 1870, when he was engaged by Mr. H. N. Lay, at the instance of the late Mr. Morel, Assoc. Inst. C.E., as Chief Assistant Engineer for the government railways then about to be commenced in Japan. On arriving in that country he first made a preliminary survey overland from Tokio to Kobe, with a view to possible future operations. He was next placed in charge of the section of the railway between Kobe and Osaka, the whole of the works in connection with which were carried out under his direction until the opening of the line for traffic early in 1874.

Upon the death of Mr. Morel in October, 1871, and until the arrival of Mr. R. Vicars Boyle, C.S.I., M. Inst. C.E., as Engineer-in-Chief in August 1872, Mr. England acted as Principal of the Engineering Staff, subsequently receiving the title of Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. He continued in charge of the works from Osaka to Kioto, all the important bridges being carried out under his immediate direction. Upon the completion of these works and the retirement of the Engineer-in-Chief, Mr. England was selected to fill the joint position of Principal Engineer and Locomotive Superintendent of thc Tokio-Yokohama line, which offices he filled up to the date of his decease. This occurred at Shinbashi, Tokio, on the 14th of September, 1877, in the 55th year of his age.

Mr. England enjoyed the reputation of being an able and valuable assistant, ready of resource, and a hard worker. Hc was genial in disposition and cheerful at all times, qualities which made him a general favourite. He was elected an Associate of the Institution on the 3rd of February, 1857, and was transferred to the class of Member on the 18th of December, 1866.


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