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British Industrial History

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John Hardman (Bolton)

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of Coronation Iron Foundry, Gas Street, Bolton

See also Hardman and Gleaves

1834 'DREADFUL STORM ..... {From the Bolton Chronicle Saturday, January 4,…..Messrs. Hardman and Holt, were compelled to tie large beams of iron with ropes across the slates of their Coronation Foundry in Gas-street, in order to preserve the roof.'[1]

1845 Advertisement: 'TO BE SOLD by Private Treaty, the Well- known IRON and BRASS FOUNDRY. MILLWRIGHT and ENGINEERING ESTABLISHMENT of the late Mr. John Hardman, known by the name of The Coronation Iron Foundry," fronting to Gas-street, Hanover-street, and Stanley-street, in Great Bolton, the county of Lancaster; together with the Steam-Engines, Mill-Gearing Machinery, Tools, Patterns, Utensils, Stock, and Effects.
The PREMISES consisting of one large Foundry, 52 feet 7 inches long by 34 feet wide, with two cupolas for melting six tons of iron, and stove for drying cores; one dressing shed 46 feet long by 23 feet wide; one large turning and fitting-up shop, and room over, used for turning and pattern-making 127 feet long by 27 feet wide each ; one turning shop, 34 feet long by 18 feet 6 inches wide ; smithy, 54 feet long by 27 feet wide, fitted with five smiths’ fires; moulding shop, for brass work, 17 feet long by 10 feet wide, fitted up with two furnaces; store-room, 15 feet 6 inches by 8 feet wide: four pattern rooms, one 50 feet 6 inches long by 11 feet wide; second 34 feet by 18 feet, the third 23 feet by 13 feet, and the fourth 25 feet by 13 feet; an entrance lodge and counting-house, stable for four horses and hay-loft over, together with spacious yard, inclosed by the several buildings and entrance gates.
The MACHINERY comprises two high-pressure steam engines, one 14 horses' and the other of 4 horses' power, with two steam boilers and apparatus, one 19 feet 6 inches by 5 feet 6 inches diameter, and the other 21 feet by 4 feet diameter ; one powerful hydraulic press, with 18 inches ram, three wrought-iron pillars 7 inches diameter, and 8-inch pump, worked by the engine, for making bowls ; and one hydraulic press with 4-inch ram, three wrought-iron pillars and 1-inch pump, worked by the engine, for making cakes for bowls ; one double-geered and two single-geared cranes, in the large fitting up shop ; one powerful ditto in the foundry ; one large ditto the yard ; and small cranes to the smithy fires
The MILL-GEARING throughout the premises is of the best description, and drives the following tools etc., viz :— Lathes.— One large double-geered boring lathe, for boring wheels to 6 feet diameter one double-geered 17-inch slide lathe, feet long, by Roberts: one ditto, 25 feet long, by Haley; one 19-inch ditto, 16 feet long; one 2 feet 6 inches double-geered hand lathe, and one 19-inch ditto, both on one wood gantree, 41 feet inches long ; one 16½ inches ditto, wood gantries. feet long ; one 12-inch ditto, and one 11-inch ditto, on one wood gantree. 22 feet long; one 12-inch ditto, one 9-inch ditto, and one 12-inch single lathe, and one 9-inch ditto, all on one wood gantree, 75 feet long ; also one 20 inch double-geered lathe, on wood gantree, feet long, with portable slide, and one face lathe for making wheel patterns on ; one strong upright drilling machine ; one planing machine, 15 feet long, 3 feet wide between the cheeks; one fan, 3 feet 6 inches diameter, and one ditto, 2 feet 6 inches diameter ; one strong screwing machine ; grinding stone, &c.
There is a very large assortment of mandrills, boring bars, drills, and turning tools to the above, of smiths' anvils, swages, and other tools in the smithy; and ladles, moulding boxes, and other utensils the foundry and dressing-shop. The pattern-making rooms are fitted up with vice and other benches, and suitable wood and other vices.
The PATTERNS include engine patterns, spur, mitre, and bevil wheels, in great variety; complete sets of patterns for mangles, of 2, 3. 5, and 6 bowls, and of 3 bowl friction callendars; roller beetles, and fiat beetles; clamp tables; stretching and plaiting machines; and of hydraulic presses of 12 and 18 inch rams; and for gas apparatus; besides a great variety of valves, press pumps, taps, pillars, pedestals, hangers, shafts, framings, fixings, &c. These patterns are in use in almost every bleaching establishment in this county and Cheshire. The premises are fitted up with every convenience. The whole of the machinery is in excellent working condition— the works have first rate connection—are in full employment, and the purchaser may enter upon them immediately, with the benefit of existing contracts. A part of the purchase money may remain on security of the premises if desired.— The land forming the site of the above held under two leases, each having above 980 years unexpired, and is subject to two yearly rents amounting together to £30 l6s. 6d.
For further particulars, and to view the premises, apply to Mrs. Hardman, of Brinks-place, Little Bolton; Mr. Cocksey of the same place, Mr. Green, Bolton Gas Works, the trustees and executors of the deceased; or to Messieurs and RUSHTON and ARMITSTEAD, Solicitors, Bolton.'[2]

1859 Advertisement: 'Valuable Iron and Brass Founder's Stock, &c, &c, at the Coronation Foundry, Gas-street, Moor-lane, Bolton MR. WILLIAM LOMAX, jun., has been instructed to submit to PUBLIC COMPETITION, the valuable PLANT, Machinery. Tools, Patterns, &c, now upon the premises known as the Coronation Foundry, Gas-street. Moor-lane, Bolton, lately-carried on by the Executors of the late Mr. John Hardman, on Wednesday and Thursday, the 11th and 12th days of May. commencing each day at ten o'clock in the forenoon. The whole of the property upon the premises consists of horizontal boring machine, 12 feet long, traversing carriage, head stock 21 inches, and top speed; one horizontal boring machine, bar 7½ feet long, bed 9 feet, with screw inside bar, and brass worm; self acting planing machine, 15 feet bed, cross slide 3 feet 8 inches long by 11 inches deep; one large slotting machine, 5 feet between cheeks, cross slide, table, and top speed; screwing machine, 2-inch; 12 inch double-geared screwing machine, up to 1½-inch, two face plates, iron bed, 6 feet long, 16 Inches wide; 26-inch back geared break lathe. Iron bearers, 3 feet by 2 feet, two face plates, and top speed; 12-inch back geared lathe, face plates, rests, and top speed; 21-inch back geared lathe, face plate, hand rest, and top speed; 22-inch back geared slide lathe, bed 24 feet, carriage, face plates, hand rests, stands, and top speed; 19-inch back geared slide lathe, bed 25 feet, carriage, face plates, rests, stands, steps, weights, pinions, and top speed; 17-inch back geared slide lathe, bed 25 feet long, carriage rests, pinions, following stay, turning shaft, and top speed; 12-inch back geared lathe, face plates, compound slide rests, and top speed; 12-inch back geared slide lathe, bed 9 feet, carriage, face plate, bell chuck, and top speed; 15-inch back geared lathe for screw cutting speed; 11-inch lathe, rests, face plates, and top speed; 12-inch single lathe, with face plates and top speed; upright drilling machine, table with table, rack, and side speed; pair of gantrees, 26 feet long, each 16 inches by 9 inches, faced with iron plates; wood gantree. 22 feet long, 12 inches by 5½ inches; glazer, 30 inches by 5 inches ; 28 inches by 5 inches ; spindle and pulley ; powerful hydraulic press ; hydraulic press, 3½ inch ram; pair of hydraulic pumps, worked with excentrics and gearing; upright drilling machine, millwright and turning tools, stocks, taps, and dies, boring bars and bits, Rimer's drilling nelleys, steel cutters, screw keys, chissels, hammers, 10 vices, from 3½ to 7 inches; benches, grind stones, with spindles, pulleys, and iron frames; moulding boxes, including waggon rails, cylinder pulleys, bevil wheels, calendar cheeks, pillars, dressing plates and jobbing boxes, weights, loom rings, wrought and cast core barrels, moulders' tools, smiths' circular patent bellows, pair of 32in. bellows, 6 anvils and iron stands, 9 swage blocks and stands, swages, sets, mandrills, tongs, drifts and other tools, steel yards. 2 weighing machines up to one ton, wheels; iron crab. Iron weights, wrought and cast-iron and screws, printers' dung, washing machine (Hardman’s patent), wood and iron patterns for bevil, spur, mitre, friction and other wheels, engine patterns, beam, water wheel, pillars, washing machines, drying machines, weighing machines, 7, 6, 5 and 3 bowl patterns, mangle cheeks, calendar cheeks, pump and engine valves, fly wheels, squeezers, cheeks, stretching machines, universal joints, pulleys and a great variety of other patterns; plan cases and drawing boards, useful waggon with 6in. wheels, three carts with 6in. wheels and iron arms, hand carts, lurries, wheelbarrows, ladders, packing cases, timber, office fixtures, and all other effects upon the premises, which will be paticularized in descriptive Catalogues now in course of preparation, ready one week prior to the sale.- Further information may obtained on application to .....'[3]


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Sources of Information

  1. Yorkshire Gazette, 11 January 1834
  2. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 12 July 1845
  3. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 30th April 1859