Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,506 pages of information and 233,942 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
Iron Founders and Machine Makers.
1857 "The first tire rolled from a solid block appears to have been made by Charles Bartholomew and John Heppenstall, who in 1857 took out a patent-No. 1369 - for "Machinery for Rolling Tires and Hoops for Railway and other Wheels." In 1861 and 1862 two patents were granted to the same inventors for making "Circular Blooms for Tires, &c." The specifications say the blooms may be made of iron or steel, the iron or steel was to be cut into pieces and piled to form a circular bloom, which was welded either by a steam hammer or in a die, and afterwards rolled by the machine patented by the same inventors in 1857..."
Extract from "The Manufacture of Railway Tires" by and engineer of 1874, from the journal The Engineer 1924/05/30