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British Industrial History

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John M. Dunlop and Co

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initially of David St, later moving to Great Marlborough Street, Manchester

Proprietor: John Macmillan Dunlop

1852 'To be Sold, Two Fifty-horse MARINE STEAM ENGINES, in good condition—Apply to Messrs. John M. Dunlop and Co. Makers, David-street, and New Wakefield-street. Oxford-street, Manchester, or to Messrs. Hollinshead, Tetley and Co'[1]

1852 Advert: 'WANTED, A Few good FITTERS and TURNERS. Wages, 26s., 28s., to 30s. per week of 58 hours. Parties engaging will be required to sign a declaration that they will not belong any society which interferes between an employer and his workmen. An engagement of 6, 9, or 12 months will be made with good workmen at their option. Address, stating the description of work to which accustomed, to John M. Dunlop, David Street, Manchester. March 9, 1852'[2]

1855 Thomas Hornby Birley the younger left the partnership with Richard Birley, John Macmillan Dunlop, and Duncan Matheson, in the businesses of Cotton Spinners, and Manufacturers, and Machine Makers, carried on at Chorlton-upon-Medlock and Manchester, under the firms of Richard Birley and Co., and John M. Dunlop and Co.[3]

1856 Duncan Matheson left the partnership[4]

1857 Floods: 'At Mr. J. M. Dunlop's, engineer, Great Marlborough-street, the ground storey of the premises was eight feet deep in water. The turning, planing, and drilling macines were completely immersed; and the glazers destroyed. Machinery in the course of manufacture was also damaged.'[5]

1858 Engineers and machine makers for the manufacture of India rubber.

1858 Dissolution of the Partnership between Richard Birley and John Macmillan Dunlop, in the trades or businesses of Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers, under the style or firm of Richard Birley and Co, and of Engineers and Machine Makers, under the style or firm of J. M. Dunlop and Co., and carried on at the city of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster[6]

1860 Society of Arts - Exhibition of Inventions: 'Amongst the machinery and manufacturing appliances there is one that has a direct and most important bearing on the carrying out of the cotton trade with our Indian possessions, in the shape of an improved "cotton gin," by Mr. John Dunlop, of Marlborough street, Manchester. It is constructed on the M'Arthy principle, having a handle and multiplying gear, whereby the roller and crank for working the agitator are driven at a greatly increased velocity, the work turned off by the machine being in direct proportion to the speed obtained. A handle actuates a wheel gearing into two pinions, one on a leather-covered roller and one on a crank shaft. By turning the handle with one hand the roller and shaft are driven at a high speed, while with the other hand the operator feeds the machine. It is stated that the machine will turn off 5lb. to 6lb. of clean cotton per hour, leaving the staple or fibre uninjured, the seeds being whole or uncrushed, and well cleaned. The price of the machine is 3l. It obtained the first prize of 20/- offered by the Cotton Supply Association of Manchester, and is intended for cottage use in India. The machine, are now being sent out in considerable numbers to the cotton growers.'[7]

1867 John Macmillan Dunlop, of Hole Hird, in the county of Westmoreland, Esq., leased to Francis William Crossley and William John Crossley, both of the city of Manchester, Engineers and Machine Makers, the machine making works, buildings, and land situate in Great Marlborough-street, in Manchester, and all and every steam engine, steam boiler, main gearing, gas and other apparatus, fixed machinery, fixed tools, and other fixtures ... the said works and premises.[8]

1867 Partnership between John M Dunlop and Francis William Crossley, under the firm of JOHN M. DUNLOP CO. dissolved by mutual consent[9]. Also:-

'NOTICE is hereby given, that by indenture lease dated this eighth day August, 1867. and made between the undersigned JOHN MACMILLAN DUNLOP, of Hole Hird, of the county of Westmoreland. Esquire, of the one part, and the undersigned FRANCIS WILLIAM CROSSLEY and WILLIAM JOHN CROSSLEY, both of the city of Manchester, engineers and machine makers, of the other part, the said John Macmillan Dunlop demised to the said Francis William Crossley and William John Crossley, for the term of 10 years, and under the yearly rents therein mentioned, the Machine Making Works, Buildings, and Land of him, the said John Macmillan Dunlop, situate In Great Marlborough street, aforesaid, ; and all and every the Steam Engine, Steam Boiler, Main Gearing, Gas, and other apparatus, fixed machinery, fixed tools, and other the natures now being upon, about, ….'[10][11]

1867 Frank Crossley, with the help of his uncle, bought the engineering business of John M. Dunlop and Co at Great Marlborough Street in Manchester city centre, including manufacturing pumps, presses, and small steam engines. This became Crossley Brothers.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Gore's Liverpool General Advertiser, 2 September 1852
  2. Dundee, Perth, and Cupar Advertiser - Friday 12 March 1852
  3. The London Gazette 21 August 1855
  4. The London Gazette 15 August 1856
  5. Manchester Times - Saturday 22 August 1857
  6. London Gazette 7 September, 1858
  7. London Evening Standard, 9 April 1860
  8. The London Gazette 9 August 1867
  9. The London Gazette 9 August 1867
  10. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 10th August 1867
  11. The London Gazette 9 August 1867