Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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John Smith (1828- )

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1862.

John Smith junior, developer of steam ploughing

1828 Born in Coven, Staffordshire, son of John Smith, farmer

1851 John Smith 51, farmer, lived in Penkridge, with Elizabeth Smith 59, Jane Smith 25, Mary Ann Smith 25, John Smith 24, engine fitter, and visitors William Bayliss 47, chain maker and Jane Bayliss 20[1]

1856/7 John Smith developed an original form of traction engine with the boiler carried independently of the rest of the machinery[2]

John Fowler invented steam ploughing, which was developed by him in conjunction with John Smith, of Coven, in Staffordshire.[3]

1861 Living in Coven with John Smith 61, farmer and machinist employing 21 men and 18 boys, Jane Smith 37, Mary Ann Smith 35, John Smith 33, engineer and steam plough maker[4]

1861 Patent application by John Smith the younger, of Coven, in the county of Stafford, Manufacturer, and John Birch Higgs, of Brewood, in the county of Stafford, Machinist, have given the like notice in respect of the invention of "an improvement or improvements in thrashing machines."[5]

1862 Patent application by John Smith the younger, of Coven, in the county of Stafford, Engineer and Machinist, and John Birch Higgs, of Coven aforesaid, Engineer and Machinist, have given the like notice in respect of the invention of "improvements in thrashing machines, and in mills for grinding and in apparatus for raising or moving grain in granaries and other places."[6]

1862 Exhibited at the Royal Agricultural Show a self-propelled engine, The Bee, similar to Mr Aveling's, which could be used with threshing machines.

1862 Patented a machine for drying wheat and other grain. Also patented use of a current of air in a threshing machine.

1862 Built steam locomotives for Fletcher, Solly and Urwick

1864 Dissolution of partnership Smith and Higgs

1866 Founded his own company: John Smith

1868 John Smith junior, engineer and patent boiler manufacturer, iron and brass founders, agent to and manufacturers of John Fowler junior's patent steam ploughs[7]

1871 Engineer employing 22 men and 7 boys, lodging with his father in Coven[8]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. 1851 census
  2. The Engineer 1876/12/08
  3. The Engineer 1903/06/21
  4. 1861 census
  5. London Gazette 11 June 1861
  6. London Gazette 28 January 1862
  7. 1868 Post Office Directory
  8. 1871 census
  • British Steam Locomotive Builders by James W. Lowe. Published in 1975. ISBN 0-905100-816