Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,487 pages of information and 233,925 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

John Summers, Senior

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1822 Born in Bolton, son of John Summers, a weaver.

1842 Summers left Bolton to become a clogmaker in Dukinfield.

1848 He married Mary Woolley.

He bought his clog irons from a man in the next street, Giles Potter. Summers bought him out and began to make clog irons and nails on his own account, and he prospered.

1851 he visited the Great Exhibition and bought a nail-making machine which he saw there. Needing larger premises, he leased the Sandy Bank Iron Forge and its row of three houses. The premises were given the title 'Sandy Vale Cut & Patent Wrought Nail & Clog Iron Works'.

1869 Summers decided to produce his own wrought iron, and built a new factory at Bayley Fields, Stalybridge. This was the Globe Iron Works and had 12 puddling furnaces and rolling mills, and had a rail connection with its own locomotive.

1870 His wife, Mary, died on 2 October, at 42, a month after giving birth.

1871 Nail and clog iron manufacturer, iron master employing 250 persons, widower, lived in Dukinfield with James Woolley Summers 22, Hannah Summers 19, William Summers 17, Walter Summers 8, Henry Hall Summers 6, Frank Bright Summers 2, Mary Woolley Summers 6 Months[1]

1876 John Summers died from a brain haemorrhage on 10 April, leaving seven sons and two daughters.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1871 census
  • 'The Summers of Shotton' by Brian Redhead and Sheila Gooddie, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987