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Joseph Marie Charles Jacquard was a French weaver and merchant. He developed the Jacquard apparatus used for selecting complex patterns in weaving, improving the inventions of Basile Bouchon (1725), Jean-Baptiste Falcon (1728), and Jacques de Vaucanson (1840).
He was born in Lyon on 7 July 1752 and died in Oullins (Rhône) on 7 August 1834.
See Wikipedia entry.