Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,151 pages of information and 233,681 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Otto Bicycle Co

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Mr Otto Demonstrates his 'Bicycle'[1]
Three Otto Bicycles once on display at Belton Cycle Museum later renamed the National Cycle Museum, now closed.

of 118 Newgate Street, London.

1877 Edward Carl Fredrich Otto patented his design and named it ~ The Otto Bicycle. It had two large wheels on either side of the rider, as a safer alternative to the "ordinary".[2]

1879 Powell, Smith, Lamb and Co of Ipswich undertook to manufacture Otto Bicycles.[3]

1880 BSA began to produce Otto Bicycles and made almost 1000 before ceasing manufacture. The 'Bicycle' was retailed by the Otto Bicycle company from their premises at 118 Newgate Street, London and sold for £21 each machine.

1882 Listed at 118 Newgate Street is 'Dams, C. J. and Co, Lamp manufacturers, Otto Safety Bicycle Co (The)' [4]

1882 November. Raised capital of 50,000 pounds as The Otto Cycle Co. Directors are Lord Graves, Roger C. Molyneux, W. S. Garland, J. B. Gutherie and E. C. F. Otto. [5]

1885 Awarded a Silver Medal at the 1885 International Inventions Exhibition for their 'Otto' bicycle.[6]

1895 The address of 118 and 119 Newgate Street appear to be connected and at 119 is listed the 'Quadrant Cycle Co' alongside some printing businesses [7]

First-Hand Experience of Riding The Otto - contributed by Tony. P

"My first attempt to ride one of these unusual machines resulted in almost falling flat on my face as sitting on the wide saddle and placing your feet on to the pedals I discovered immediately tipped you forward. Giving this result some thought I re-sat on the saddle and immediately leaned back causing the outrigger to touch the ground behind me. This brought the pedal crank up in front of me, so still leaning back I then ‘gingerly’ placed my feet on the pedals and applied pressure. Low and behold I moved forward and in doing so found that the machine stabilised, and the riding position became upright. Once upright then manoeuvering was controlled by the spade ‘D’ handles on each side.

Resting my hands on the top of the two handles, by turning/twisting them slightly the mechanism in the long steel tube retracted releasing the tension on the drive steel band. So once moving I turned the left handle slightly and found the machine turned to the left, the drive being then only to the right side. Turning the left back I then turned slightly the right handle and the machine turned right. The brake was actuated by the fingers pulling up a thin lever situated below the handle, clearly visible on the photo (at right)."

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. BSA Archives
  2. Tony P.
  3. Tony P.
  4. 1882 Post Office London Directory
  5. The Bicycling Times 1882/11/21
  6. [1] Gazette Issue 25500 published on the 12 August 1885. Page 17 of 26
  7. 1895 Post Office London Directory