Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Patent Tip and Horseshoe Co

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1863 Larger premises (Commercial Road) were leased and the Elwells were asked to loan more money, the business being placed in the hands of the Elwells with Stocker as manager of (presumably) the "Patent Tip and Horseshoe Company"[1].

1864 Court case brought by Alexander Stocker against Charles and Paul Elwell as a result of Stocker being dismissed by the Elwells for being absent from the business[2].

1864 Alexander Stocker had made inventions and received patents in relation to manufacture of horse shoes and shoe tips; Charles and Paul Elwell had advanced money to enable Stocker to set up the business in exchange for assignment of the patents and an agreement to supply the goods only to the Elwells[3].

1871 Paul Elwell (presumably Paul Bedford Elwell, the son of Paul Elwell) was recorded as clerk to the "Patent Tip and Horseshoe Company"[4].

1873 Messrs Paul Elwell and Co of the Patent Tip and Cut Nail Works, Commercial Road, Wolverhampton, reduced the price of cut nails; it was also noted that Mr Elwell led the reduction in prices of iron and hardwares in 1872[5].

c.1874 The company's steel horseshoes had been "tested" by the market since about this date[6]

1876 Paul Bedford Elwell was manager for Patent Tip and Horseshoe Co who registered a patent for improvements in nail-making machinery[7]

1878 Patent registered for shoe tips[8]

1879 Patent registered for Venetian blinds

1881 Living at The Cottage, Ryton with one son, Paul L. Elwell, aged 7 months. Occupation 'the manager of a works making nails etc., employing 100 hands'. [9].

1882 Paul Bedford Elwell was living at St. Cuthbert's, Albrighton. Business "Patent Tip and Horseshoe Co.", Commercial Road, in premises rented from J. Smallman. In October, joined by Thomas Parker who had agreed to go into partnership with Elwell, to manufacture accumulators at the premises in Commercial Road.

1882 Thomas Parker and Paul Bedford Elwell of the Patent Tip and Horseshoe Co in Wolverhampton patented an improved lead-acid accumulator. They also patented improvements in the dynamo and in electric lighting apparatus.

1882 The company exited nail manufacture, selling the machinery and stock from the Commercial Road works[10].

1883 Company name changed to Wolverhampton Electric Light, Power, Storage and Engineering Company. The company started making a new type of accumulator: the Elwell-Parker[11].

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Birmingham Daily Post, 20 July 1864
  2. Birmingham Daily Post, 20 July 1864
  3. Birmingham Daily Post, 20 July 1864
  4. Birmingham Daily Post, 21 July 1871
  5. Birmingham Daily Post, 14 June 873
  6. Aberdeen Weekly Journal, August 18, 1880
  7. London Gazette 5 January 1877
  8. London Gazette Issue 25 October 1878
  9. 1881 census
  10. Birmingham Daily Post September 9, 1882
  11. The Electrician, volume 11, 1883