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British Industrial History

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Paul Chappe

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Also Paul Chappe and Co. of Manchester

See Jean Baptiste Paul Chappe for biographical details

1825 Listed as Paul Chappé & Co, Gaythorn Mill: Chappé's house: 9 Jackson's Lane, Hulme [1]

1829 Reference to 'An Act for naturalizing Jean Baptiste Paul Chappé'. [2]

1838 Patent Sealed for improvements in the means of consuming smoke, and thereby economising fuel and heat in steam engines and other furnaces and fire-places [3]

1840 Reference to bankruptcy.

1840 Advertisement: 'Valuable Land, Cotton Mills, and Property, situate near to Knot Mill, is Manchester, on the northerly side of the river Medlock. By the order of the assignees and mortgagees of Jean Baptiste Paul Chappé of Manchester aforesaid, cotton spinner and cotton thread manufacturer, a bankrupt at the Clarence Hotel, in Spring Garden, Monday 23d day of March instant, at six o'clock in the evening….. . ALL that PLOT of LAND, situate at Gaythorn, near to Knot Mill in Manchester aforesaid, containing in the whole 2,600 superficial square yards, or thereabouts, bounded on the northerly end thereof by and including the whole of a private street, or road, of eight yards wide; on the easterly side thereof in part by land and buildings now or late belonging to Mr. Leake, and in other part by and extending half-way into the river Tib; -on the southerly side thereof in part by the said river Tib and in other part by and extending half-way into the river Medlock; and on the westerly side by Albion-street; together with the buildings thereon erected, consisting of the old mill, five stories high, exclusive of attics, 146 feet long, by 25 feet six inches wide: the middle mill, four stories, 97 feet by 31 feet; the new mill, 65 feet by 33 feet three inches; casing room, 33 feet by 12 feet; bobbin turning shop, 34 feet by nine feet; bobbin turning shop and smithy, 44 feet by 16 feet; stable, 31 feet nine inches by 17 feet; and lodge, 16 feet six inches by 12 feet four inches; and also two steam engines, one of 20-horses power by Sherratt, the other of six-horses' power, by Galloway and Co.; two stem boilers, one 20-horse, the other 16, with the machinery and apparatus thereto belonging. The property is freehold of inheritance, and subject to the yearly chief or ground rent of £28 19s. 6d. The buildings are substantial, and in good repair; and the property will be found well worth the attention of capitalists, as well as of manufacturers, as it is situated in a populous and valuable neighbourhood. For further particulars apply to the Auctioneer, Newall's Buildings; to Messrs. J. Manning and Son, solicitors, Dyer's Buildings, Holborn, London; to Mr Gaskell, solicitor, Wigan; and to Messrs. HIGSON & SON, solicitors, Cross- street, Manchester. Manchester Times - Saturday 21 March 1840

1841 Paul Chappé listed as a cotton spinner and manufacturer of cotton thread, Gaythorn Mill, Albion Street. House: Birch Cottage, Rusholme [4]

1844 Patent: To Jean Baptiste Paul Chappe, of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, spinner and doubler, "certain improvements in machinery or apparatus for spinning and doubling cotton and other fibrous substances." — 9th October 1844.

Location of Mill

Several sources give the address as Gaythorn Mill. The 1849 O.S. map [5] shows 'Gaythorn Mill' on the western side of Albion Street, by Medlock Bridge. However, there is a group of buildings on the opposite side of Albion Street, immediately north east of Gaythorn Mill, and this group, marked as 'Medlock Bridge Mill' and 'Gaythorn Small Ware Manufactory', accords with the description given in the 1841 advertisement above. The little River Tib defined the eastern boundary, and then entered the Medlock, and this was perhaps the only time the river saw daylight since entering Manchester, the rest having been culverted.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. History, Directory, and Gazetteer, of the County Palatine of Lancaster, Volume 2, 1825
  2. [1] Parliamentary Archives
  3. Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Volume 16, 1840
  4. Pigot & Slater's Directory of Manchester & Salford, 1841
  5. 'The Godfrey Edition' 'Old Ordnance Survey Town Plans: Manchester Sheet 33: 'Manchester (Oxford Street & Gaythorn)' [2]