Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,346 pages of information and 233,846 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Paul Cornu

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Paul Cornu (June 15, 1881 – 6 June 1944) was a French engineer and bicycle manufacturer.

He was born at Glos-la-Ferrière, Orne.

Cornu designed the world's first manned rotary wing aircraft and made the first piloted free flight with it at Lisieux, Calvados, France on November 13, 1907. This first flight lifted Cornu about 30 cm (1 ft) and lasted 20 seconds. This is sometimes recognized as the first free (but impractical) helicopter flight with a passenger. This first helicopter was powered by a 24 horsepower Antoinette engine.

The helicopter was not maneuverable however, and the construction was abandoned after a few flights.

Previously, another French helicopter, the Bréguet-Richet I, had managed to lift off by its own power, but it had been held in position by men standing on the ground.

Cornu died in 1944 in Lisieux, when his home was destroyed during the bombardment that accompanied the Normandy landings.

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