Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,095 pages of information and 233,633 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.


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1913 Noel Pemberton-Billing set up a company, Pemberton-Billing, to produce sea-going aircraft. It also produced a couple of prototypes using quadruplane designs to shoot down Zeppelins, which became the Supermarine P.B.29 and the Supermarine Nighthawk. The aircraft were fitted with the recoilless Davis gun and the Nighthawk had a separate power plant to power a searchlight.

1916 Upon election as an MP in 1916 Noel Pemberton-Billing sold the company to his factory manager and long time associate Hubert Scott-Paine who renamed the company Supermarine Aviation Works. The company became famous for its successes in the Schneider Trophy for seaplanes, especially the three wins in a row of 1927, 1929 and 1931.

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