Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,386 pages of information and 233,851 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.


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September 1929.
October 1936.
October 1936.
August 1937. Radio model 787.
August 1937. Television.
September 1953.
September 1953.
February 1954.
July 1954.
August 1954.
October 1954.
June 1955. Philishave.
December 1960. Universal Measuring Bridge Model GM4144.
October 1961. Electric blankets.
October 1961. Summit televisions.
October 1961. Philishave.
August 1962. Snow Queen freezer.
Oct 1966. Philips Car Radio.
October 1967. Car Radio.
February 1968. Food mixer.
January 1969. Portable Cassette Recorder EL 3302.
October 1972. Turnlock Car Radio.
October 1973.
October 1976. In-car Entertainment.
October 1982. AC807. In-car Entertainment.
October 1986. In-car Entertainment.
Australian Radio.
Tape Recorder. Model EL3581.
Tape Recorder. Model EL3581 (detail).

Subsidiaries (at various dates) of N.V. Philips of the Netherlands:

as Philips Industrial X-Ray Service of 145 Charing Cross Road, London, WC2. Branches in Glasgow, Manchester and Birmingham. (1936)

as Philips Industrial (Philips Lamps Ltd), of Philips House, 145 Charing Cross Road, London, WC2. Telephone: Gerrard 7777. Telegraphic Address: "Phildustry, Telex, London". (1937)

as Philips Transmission, Philips Lamps, Ltd, of Century House, Shaftesbury Avenue, London, WC2. Telephone: Gerrard 7777. Cables: "Philicom". (1947)

as Philips Electrical Ltd, of Shaftesbury Avenue, London. (1961)

as N. V. Philips, of Emmasingel 6, Eindhoven, Netherlands.

1891 Philips and Co was established in Eindhoven, the Netherlands as a private company making electric lamps[1]

1911 Philips lamps were offered for sale in Britain by G. M. Boddy and Co, of Gray's Inn Rd, London; they were made under licence from Osram Lamp Works[2]

1912 N. V. Philips Gloeilampenfabriken was incorporated in the Netherlands as successor to Philips and Co.

1922 By the time that Gerard Philips retired, the company had grown into a world-wide enterprise[3]

1925 Private company formed as Philips Lamps Limited.

1936 As Philips Industrial X-Ray Service. AA image on this page. [4]

1937 British Industries Fair Advert as Philips Industrial (Philips Lamps Ltd) for Arc Welding Plant and Rods. Condensers for Power Factor. Rectifiers. Sample Welds. (Electricity: Industrial and Domestic Section - Stand No. Cb.912) [5]

1937 As Philips Industrial (Philips Lamps Ltd). Lamp and radio manufacturers. Metalix X-Rays. Philips Lamps, Radio, Rectifiers etc. [6]

1938 Established Philips Blackburn Works Ltd

1947 Reorganisation by N.V. Philips of its subsidiaries; Philips Lamps Ltd and Mullard became wholly-owned subsidiaries of a new company Philips Electrical Ltd..

1947 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair - as Philips Transmission, Philips Lamps, Ltd. Manufacturers of Fixed and Mobile Radio Communications Equipment, Navigational Aids and Facsimile for Ships, Aircraft, Police Forces and Railways. Line Communication by Carrier on Cable, Open Wire and/or Radio Links. (Olympia, Ground Floor, Stand No. C.1536a) [7]

1954 As Philips Electrical Ltd. Advert on this page for Electric Philishave Dry Shaver. [8]

1961 As Philips Electrical Ltd. Manufacturers of electrical apparatus, radio, television, record players, tape recorders, lamps and lighting fittings, domestic appliances and amplifying and cinema equipment. [9]

1967 After a Stock market battle, Philips acquired Pye[10]; shareholders had an option to buy back into the company before 1970.

1968 W. G. Pye and Unicam Instruments were merged to become Pye Unicam; Philips's scientific division from Mullard was also put into the new company[11]

By 1968 Intertherm was part of the Elphiac Group, which combined the electroheating interests of Philips and ACEC[12]

By 1969 the British arm of Philips was Philips Electronic and Associated Industries[13]. Principal subsidiaries were[14]:

Philips introduced the first combination portable radio and cassette recorder, which was marketed as the "radiorecorder", and is now better known as the boom box. Later, the cassette was used in telephone answering machines, including a special form of cassette where the tape was wound on an endless loop. The C-cassette was used as the first mass storage device for early personal computers in the 1970s and 1980s.[15]

In 1972 Philips launched the world's first home video cassette recorder, in the UK, the N1500. Its relatively bulky video cassettes could record 30 minutes or 45 minutes. Later one-hour tapes were also offered.[16]

1974 Developed, with George W. King, a pallet handling system together with a gravity roller conveyor to speed up the flow of materials in the domestic appliances department.[17]

1976 Philips acquired the consumer businesses (i.e. manufacture of radios and televisions) from Pye which would concentrate on professional electronics operations[18]

1981 Rivaling Thorn EMI for innovative fluorescent light bulb designs.[19]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times, Jun 02, 1969
  2. The Times, Jan 30, 1911
  3. The History of N. V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken: Volume 2, By A. Heerding
  4. [1] Image courtesy of Aviation Ancestry
  5. 1937 British Industries Fair Advert p584; and p401
  6. 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
  7. 1947 British Industries Fair p217
  8. [2] History World
  9. 1961 Dun and Bradstreet KBE
  10. The Times, Feb 18, 1967
  11. The Times, Jul 01, 1968
  12. The Times, Feb 12, 1968
  13. The Times, Jan 15, 1969
  14. The Times, Jun 02, 1969
  15. Wikipedia
  16. Wikipedia
  17. The Engineer 1974/04/18
  18. The Times, Dec 14, 1976
  19. The Engineer 1981/02/26