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British Industrial History

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Philp and Whicker

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of 67 St. James's Street.

Cutlery and surgical instruments.

James Philp, George Whicker and Francois Frederick Louis Blaise

1839. 'Messrs. Philp and Whicker (Late Savigny and Co.), of 67 St. Jame’s-street, having continued their experiments in the manufacture of cutlery, with the use of peat compressed by the machine invented by Lord Willougby de Eresby, instead of coal, deem themselves called upon to announce the perfect success which has attended them. Not to mention surgical instruments, instruments of science, and the more common necessaries of life, it will be sufficient to apply the test to the important and indispensable production of razors, since superiority with them involves superiority in every other description of cutlery. Messrs. Philp and Whicker have no hesitation in stating that such is the marked result of their experience. They have found the steel wrought from peat free from sulphur, which cannot separated from coal, and, consequently, purer; whatever other dross or impurity there may be, working out in the process of forging. The metal, then, on being tempered, is capable of taking finer and more permanent edge; and the trial of razors, for many months, proved the advantage of this mode of manufacturing them over every other.'[1]

1847 Philp and Whicker's manufactory, 22 Artillery Row, Westminster.[2]

1856 Partnership change. '... the Partnership heretofore existing between us the undersigned, James Philp, George Whicker, and Francois Frederic Louis Blaise, of No. 67, Saint James's-street, Westminster, in the county of Middlesex, and of Wilton-road, Vauxhall-bridge road, in the said county, Cutlers and Surgeons' Instrument Makers, has this day been dissolved, by the retirement of the said James Philp from the said copartnership...'[3]

1861 Employing employing 30 men and 3 boys[4]

1867 Partnership change. '...the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned, George Whicker and Francois Frederick Louis Blaise, at No. 67, Saint James'-street, in the county of Middlesex, as Cutlers and Surgeons Instrument Makers, has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. All debts due to or owing from the late firm will be received and paid by the said Francois Frederick Louis Blaise, by whom the said business will from this day be carried on alone...'[5]

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Sources of Information

  1. London Courier and Evening Gazette - Wednesday 13 November 1839
  2. Morning Advertiser - Thursday 27 May 1847
  3. The London Gazette Publication date:5 February 1856 Issue:21846 Page:439
  4. 1852 Census for Francois Frederick Louis Blaise
  5. The London Gazette Publication date:1 January 1867 Issue:23204 Page:52