Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 142,894 pages of information and 228,796 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
1871 a company was created in Philadelphia by some business men under the name of International Navigation Co. The company ordered the three vessels, the s.s. Vaderland, the s.s. Nederland, and the s.s. Switzerland.
1872 the company Société Anonyme de Navigation Belgo-Américaine was founded in Antwerp. The International Navigation Company put into this new venture the three vessels under construction.
1873 The two companies started operating a shipping line under the name of Red Star Line.
1884 International Navigation Company took over American Line, plying between Liverpool and the United States.
1886 Took over Inman Line.
1893 the shipping activities were restructured. One company, the International Navigation Company of New Jersey would manage the ships under American flag, as well as the Red Star Line, the second company, the International Navigation Company of Liverpool, would manage the ships under British flag.
1902 J. Pierpont Morgan started consolidating his shipping activities. A new conglomerate was formed: International Mercantile and Marine Co through which Morgan not only controlled the International Navigation Co of New Jersey (with the Red Star Line) but also the International Navigation Company of Liverpool, as well as other shipping lines, such as the White Star Line, the Atlantic Transport Line, the Dominion Line, and the Leyland Line.