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British Industrial History

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Rowland Winn of Appleby Hall

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Rowland Winn (19 February 1820 – 17 January 1893) was an English industrialist and Conservative Party politician, 1st Baron St Oswald.

The eldest son of Charles Winn of Nostell Priory, near Wakefield, he lived in 1850s in another family property, Appleby Hall near Scunthorpe, and married Harriet Dumaresque. Aware that the area had produced iron in Roman times, he searched for ironstone on his land, and found it in 1859. He marketed it to iron-makers, leased land for mining, mined his own ore and encouraged the building of iron works.

To transport the iron and to bring the coal necessary for the smelting, Winn campaigned for a railway to be built, which required the passage of an Act of Parliament. The Trent, Ancholme and Grimsby Railway opened in 1866, and Winn also built 193 houses in New Frodingham and enlarged the local school. Later, he financed the building of Scunthorpe Church of England School and St John's Church.

He was Member of Parliament for North Lincolnshire from 1868 to 1885, and served as a junior Lord of the Treasury in Disraeli's second government, from 1874 to 1880. He was later ennobled as Baron St Oswald, of Nostell in the County of York.

He returned to live at Nostell Priory when he inherited the house from his father in 1874, but his mother and unmarried sisters continued to live at Appleby.

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Sources of Information

  • Rowland Winn: [1]