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Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell

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Major Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell (22 May 1860–3 October 1937), FS, FRAS, FRMetS was a military aviation pioneer, and Honorary Secretary and (from 1900) President of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain up to 1907.

Baden-Powell was the youngest child of the Rev Baden Powell, Oxford professor of geometry, and the brother of Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Scouting movement. Other siblings were Warington Baden-Powell, George Baden-Powell, Agnes Baden-Powell and Frank Baden-Powell. His mother, Henrietta Grace Smyth, was the third wife of Rev. Baden Powell (the previous two having died), and was a gifted musician and artist.

1882 Baden-Powell was commissioned a lieutenant in the Scots Guards on 29 July 1882, and served with the Guards Camel Regiment in the Nile Expedition (1884-85) in Egypt and Sudan. Promotion to captain followed on 5 February 1896, and to major on 24 June 1899. He served with the 1st battalion of his regiment in South Africa during the Second Boer War, and was present at the battles of Belmont (23 November 1899), Modder River (28 November 1899), and Magersfontein (11 Dec 1899). He was in the Relief Column that in May 1900 relieved the siege of Mafeking, where his elder brother was in command. A month after the end of the war in late May 1902, Baden-Powell returned home with his regiment in the SS Tagus.

Baden-Powell was a military aviation pioneer and a Fellow and later President of the predecessor of the Royal Aeronautical Society and a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. He was one of the first to see the use of aviation in a military context. He also wrote, "Ballooning as a Sport", published in 1907 by William Blackwood and Sons.

1892 He wrote "In savage isles and settled lands. Malaysia, Australasia and Polynesia, 1888-1891", published in 1892 by R.Bentley and Son, London.

1904 BADEN-POWELL, Major B. F. S., 32, Prince's Gate, London, S.W. Is attached to the famous regiment of the Scots Guards, and is also a prominent aeronaut. Is president of the Aeronautical Society. Thinks that a practical air-ship would be an incalculably valuable engine of warfare both on land and sea; in the latter connection it would be of infinitely more value than a submarine or a torpedo boat. Is an expert on kite-flying, and a captive kite invented by him was used in the South African Campaign in connection with wireless telegraphy and for the taking of photographs. Has constructed a large model living machine, actuated by a petrol motor. [1]

1910 Major B. F. S. Baden-Powell was responsible for the construction of balloons and aircraft. He built his first balloons and aircraft with his elder sister Agnes.

He invented a man-carrying kite system which he called the Levitor. He also developed a collapsible military bicycle.

He contributed to the entry in the Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh Edition) on 'kite-flying'.

Baden-Powell was the first who brought flying-based activities into Scouting in the form of kite and model aeroplane building. He can be considered the founder of Air Scouting even though he thought it was hardly feasible to have special 'Air Scouts'.

Baden-Powell was President and later District Commissioner of a North London District, was District Commissioner of Sevenoaks District, Kent between 1918 and 1935, and was Headquarters Commissioner for Aviation from 1923, until his death in 1937.



1937 Obituary [2]



See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Motoring Annual and Motorist’s Year Book 1904
  2. The Engineer 1937/10/08 p381