Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,441 pages of information and 233,877 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Thomas Astbury

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Thomas Astbury, a wealthy Smethwick ironfounder and cannon manufacturer[1].

On 2 September 1858 Arthur Keen married Astbury's daughter, Hannah, at Smethwick[2].

Astbury recognized the potential of the patent for a nut-making machine that Francis Watkins was trying to sell in Britain in 1856.

c.1856 Provided funding to establish the firm of Watkins and Keen at Victoria works, Rolfe Street, Smethwick.

1858 Thomas Astbury and Sons took over part of London works, Smethwick

By the mid-1860s the growing enterprise of Watkins and Keen displaced Astbury and Sons from London Works.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Biography of Arthur Keen, by Barbara M. D. Smith, ODNB
  2. Biography of Arthur Keen, by Barbara M. D. Smith, ODNB