Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Weight and Gardiner

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of Midland Forge, Victoria Road, St. Phillips, Bristol

Engineers and Machinists

1904 'all kinds of machinery supplied, fixed, and repaired. Experts in new machinery and inventors’ patent work'

1909 'Several motor manufacturers are experimenting at present with front-wheel brakes in addition to the usual back pair. It is obvious that the distribution of check power over the four wheels must relieve one pair of a great pressure, especially when it is remembered that the weight of a car going downhill falls upon the front wheels, where, at present, brakes are not applied. And brakes upon all four wheels, in addition to doubling the ability to pull up. greatly minimise the risk of skidding. The Bristol firm of engineers and machinists, Messrs Weight and Gardiner, of Philip’s Marsh, have produced a simply constructed but ingenious brake, worked by hydraulic pressure and controlled by either one hand lever or one foot pedal, the movement of which results in all four brakes being applied simultaneously. The firm have been engaged the idea for about five years, and the result has been put to severe tests, from all of which it has emerged triumphantly. Its installation on any make of car would not be a serious matter, for even the uninitiated must be struck with the simplicity of the design, and efforts are being made to bring the patent to the attention of the big manufacturers. There is feeling, too, that, in view of the ever-increasing number of fatalities and accidents, it will be compulsory for all motor vehicles to be braked on four wheels. Brakes on all four wheels cause the quartet to revolve until the car is brought smoothly to standstill. Many more points can be urged in favour of four wheel braking, such saving of gears, automatic balancing of pressure on brake drums, simplicity of transmission, cars being stopped in half the space which is required at present, &c., but the two great points in its favour are prevention of accidents and saving of tyres.'[1]

Possibly connected with Gardiner, Sons and Co

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Sources of Information

  1. Western Daily Press - Friday 23 July 1909