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Following the discovery of ironstone in Cleveland and North Yorkshire, Messrs. Wm. Beverley and Co. built four blast furnaces at Jarrow, a small village on the Tyne, about four miles below Newcastle. The works were connected by the Poulop and Jarrow Railway to the coalfields of Northumberland and Durham, and had river frontage to the Tyne, with wharves, fitted with Armstrong's hydraulic cranes, especially adapted for delivering the ironstone. The ironstone was brought from Staithes, a small village on the coast near Whitby, by screw colliers on their return from London, after delivering coal.
The principal contractors were:
By 1858 Two of the furnaces were in blast