Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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William Henry Tooth

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William Henry Tooth (c1819- ) of Rhodeswell Road, Stepney, Engineer

1855 Patent. William Henry Tooth, of South-street, Southwark, engineer, for certain improvements in the machinery for and in the manufacture of earthenware.[1]

1859 He described in a provisional specification a drum-shaped furnace capable of being revolved on a horizontal axis, the lining being either made in moulds or cut into blocks to fit the circular chamber. This was later recognised as the first practical implementation of the idea of a revolving furnace patented by Bernard Peard Walker and James Warren.

1860 He was the first to put mechanical puddling into practice helped by Mr. William Yates, who improved some of the details of the apparatus.

A patent in their joint names refers to the cooling of the furnace by water, this was described in a later patent.

1861 Living in Stepney, Mechanical Engineer, born Longport, Staffs., with his wife Elizabeth.[2]

1861 Patent to William Henry Tooth, of Rhodeswell-road, Middlesex, Engineer, and William Yates the younger, of Parliament-street, Westminster, Agent, in respect of the invention of "improvements in the manufacture of iron and steel, and in the machinery, apparatus, or furnaces used therein, and for the production of gas to be employed in such manufacture"[3]

1863 Mr. Tooth further improved upon the details of the rotary puddler.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Bolton Chronicle - Saturday 12 January 1856
  2. 1861 Census
  3. London Gazette 25 March 1862