Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,414 pages of information and 233,868 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Workington Iron and Steel Co

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search

of Workington, Cumberland. Telephone: Workington 206. Telegraphic Address: "Mosbay, Workington"

1856 On 6 November, the Workington Haematite Iron Co was established to manufacture pig iron from locally mined heamatite ore. Two blast furnaces were erected at Oldside, just north of the town.

1877 Bessemer steelmaking commenced in June.

1900 Workington Iron Co was registered to take over Workington Haematite Iron and Steel Co[1].

1909 The businesses of Moss Bay Hematite Iron and Steel Co, the Workington Iron Co, the Harrington Iron and Coal Co and the Cumberland properties of Cammell Laird and Co, were transferred to a new company[2] - Workington Iron and Steel Co. The Cammell Laird properties consisted of the Solway Works, which dated from 1870 (and previously part of The Beckermet Mining Co Ltd who sold them to Charles Cammell and Co in 1896). The plant operated until 1927[3]

WWI: The Bigrigg Mining Co extracted iron ore from open cast workings South of Whitehaven. The Workington Iron and Steel Co bought the Bigrigg company during the first World War to secure sufficient iron ore supplies for increased war-time production.

1918 Became a branch of the United Steel Companies

1935 See Workington Iron and Steel Co:1935 Review

1937 British Industries Fair Advert as part of the United Steel Companies. West Coast Hematite, Pig Irons. Malleable and Special Cylinder Irons. Also Rails and Steel Sleepers. (Engineering/Metals/Quarry, Roads and Mining/Transport Section - Stand Nos. D.713 and D.612) [4]

1951 One of the companies nationalised as part of the nationalisation of the iron and steel industry[5]

1954 One of the United Steel companies returned to private ownership[6]

2006 The works were closed after 130 years of steel production.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  2. London Gazette 6 August 1909
  3. [1] Wagon Cards
  4. 1937 British Industries Fair Advert p665; and p436
  5. The Edinburgh Gazette 23 February 1951
  6. The Edinburgh Gazette 26 March 1954