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British Industrial History

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Wotton Tramway

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Mar 1957. Aveling and Porter locomotive for the Wotton Tramway 1872
1879. W. G. Bagnall tank Locomotive for the Wotton Tramway.

Wotton Tramway or Light Railway, also known as the Brill Tramway, or the Quainton Tramway.

A 6-mile (10 km) railway line in the Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire.

1871 Built for the 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos as a horse tram line to help transport goods between his lands around Wotton House and the national rail network.

1872 Lobbying from the nearby village of Brill led to its extension to Brill and conversion to passenger use in early 1872. Two locomotives were bought but trains still travelled at an average speed of 4 miles per hour (6.4 km/h).

1883 the Duke of Buckingham planned to upgrade the route to main line standards and extend the line to Oxford but investors were deterred by the cost of tunnelling.

1888 a cheaper scheme was proposed in which the line would be built to a lower standard and avoid tunnelling. In anticipation, the line was named the Oxford and Aylesbury Tramroad.

1894 The existing line was upgraded but the extension to Oxford was never built.

Operation of the Tramway was taken over by the Metropolitan Railway - Brill became one of its two north-western termini.

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