Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Armstrong, Mitchell and Co

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Armstrong, Mitchell and Co of Elswick-on-Tyne, Newcastle

160-ton crane built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Co. in 1883, at the Arsenale, Venice
  • The vessel Esmerelda, a Chilean cruiser was the first fruit of the new company
  • William Armstrong came to prominence due to the Armstrong Field Gun which was used extensively in the Crimean War. He was one of the two great armament manufacturers in the world.
  • 1885 The Low Walker yard concentrated on merchant shipbuilding especially of tankers.
  • 1886 – Gluckauf was completed in July as the world’s first ocean-going tanker; designed by Henry F. Swan to carry 3500 tons of oil from America or the Black Sea to Europe.
  • 1889 HM First-class battleship 'Victoria'
  • 1889 Italian cruiser 'Piemonte'
  • The Deutsch-America Petroleum Company subsequently placed orders for many sister tankers and the yard completed over 100 tankers up to the outbreak of war in 1914.
  • 1894 Antwerp Exhibition. Details of extensive exhibits
  • 1894 The Chilean Cruiser 'Blanco Encalada'. Full details in 'The Engineer'
  • 1895 Charles Mitchell died in August of this year.
  • 1898 Two Russian ice-breakers were completed with Sampo (1339/98) being fitted with hydraulic elevators for raising and lowering carriages and trucks for the different levels of the river Volga.
  • 1899 Baikal (4200/99) was considered to be the most spectacular ship for the Russians. It was a train ferry and was sent overland in 7200 pieces and reassembled on the banks of Lake Baikal as part of the Trans-Siberian Railway!
  • Over 35 dry-cargo liners were also ordered by German and British owners between 1880 and 1913
  • The yard was willing to tackle anything that came its way including coastal passenger steamers, cable layers, large cargo ships, suction dredgers and floating cranes.

See Also

Sources of Information

  • British Shipbuilding Yards. 3 vols by Norman L. Middlemiss
  • The Imperial Journal 1852 Vol I. p55-57
  • The Engineer of 15th Feb 1889 p152
  • The Engineer of 26th April 1889 p354
  • The Engineer of 21st September 1894 p248
  • The Engineer of 14th December 1894 p503
  • British Steam Locomotive Builders by James W. Lowe. Published in 1975. ISBN 0-905100-816