Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Baxter Brothers and Co

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Flax and jute makers, and machinery makers of Lower Dens Works, and Upper Dens Works, Dundee.

1822 William Baxter and Son started the Dens Mill. At the close of the year, the town of Dundee had 17 spinning-mills.[1]

1836 Baxters erected the first power-loom fac­tory in Dundee at their works in the Dens. The Dens Factory was quickly followed by Alexander Rowan at Dudhope, John Laing at Dens Road, and Messrs Edward at Logie.[2]

1867 The business included a large machine-making establishment engaged solely in making and repairing their own spinning and weaving machinery.[3]

1867 Was one of the industrial venues hosting visitors to the British Association's meeting in Dundee[4]

By 1867 Sir David Baxter was head of the firm.

For many years the chief cloth output was sailcloth for the Admiralty. The sailcloth they made for the RRS Discovery stood up to the demanding conditions in the Antarctic. Baxters remained faithful to flax as their standard material when the majority of local manufacturers were changing to jute.

1926 Flax manufacturers. Sudden death of the chairman, Sir G W Smith[5]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. A 19th century view of the staple trade of Dundee [1]
  2. A 19th century view of the staple trade of Dundee [2]
  3. The Engineer 1867/09/13
  4. The Times, Sep 05, 1867
  5. The Times Nov 29, 1926