Campbell and Calderwood
of Soho Engine Works, Paisley, Scotland.
1889 Business formed by William Walker Campbell and Mr Calderwood
1894: Makers of engines for screw and paddle steamers including stern-wheel machinery, pumps, sugar machinery, coffee and rice machinery, boilers, roofing and general ironwork.
1911 Triple expansion engine (see photograph) at the Museum of Transport and Technology, MOTAT, Auckland, New Zealand. This engine has an interesting history, having powered the ferry GREYCLIFFE operating in Sydney Harbour. On a fine sunny day, 3 November 1927, the Union Steam Ship Company’s steamer TAHITI collided with the ferry in the middle of the harbour. The ferry’s Captain was unaware that the steamer was approaching at almost full speed. The impact split the ferry in two. Forty ferry passengers were killed and many injured. The TAHITI was not damaged and continued on her way. Soon after the sinking, the ferry’s engine was salvaged. It was purchased by the Tirau Dairy Factory in New Zealand, was fitted with a grooved flywheel for driving machinery by rope belts at the dairy factory. It operated at a maximum of 130 rpm, and ran until 1968. (Information from the MOTAT website).
1920 Campbell and Calderwood Limited, engineers and shipbuilders, was incorporated with a capital of £50,000.
1925 See Aberconway for information on shipbuilding h.p produced in 1904 and 1925
1931 The company amalgamated with McKie and Baxter, with production being concentrated in Paisley.
Sources of Information
- [Stationary Steam Engine Makers: Volume 1 Compiled by George Watkins, catalogued by A P Woolrich, Published by Landmark Publishing. ISBN 1-84306-200-3]
- The Scotsman 10 April 1920
- National Records of Scotland BT2/11105
- L.A. Ritchie, The Shipbuilding Industry: A Guide to Historical Records (1992)