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at Aberystwyth, also known as Aberystwyth Cliff Railway
The railway is part of Constitution Hill, a Victorian development on the hill of the same name built by the Aberystwyth Improvement Company. It consisted of arcades and a restaurant at the foot of the hill, the railway, and at the top of the hill a camera obscura and park. Constitution Hill was designed and engineered by George Croydon Marks, who later became a Liberal peer, who at the same time designed the new pavilion for the Royal Pier.
1896 Opened. Originally operated on a water balance system. The standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) railway climbs 430 feet (130 m) in 778 feet (237 m) — a gradient steeper than 1:2 (50%).
1921 The railway was electrified. Its twin carriages both take 30 passengers and are named the Lord Geraint and the Lord Marks.