Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 136,379 pages of information and 219,138 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
1838 Brothers Nicol and Robert Handyside entered business in Glasgow as shipbrokers and merchants under the name of N and R Handyside & Co. They initially specialised in the Balkan and Russian trade
1850 They also became managers of the Glasgow and Lisbon Steam Packet Co.
1852 They started using the name Anchor Line in their advertisements. They recruited Captain Thomas Henderson to develop intercontinental brokerage business. Thomas Henderson was the son of a ship’s captain from Pittenweem in Fife.
1855 Henderson proposed a steamship service from the Clyde to America; a partnership Handysides and Henderson was formed.
1856 First transatlantic sailing.
1860s Several more steamers were acquired from the same yard.
Anchor Line went on to become a leading transatlantic carrier of emigrants with a network of services from the Mediterranean to New York, as well as up to three sailings per week on its Clyde-Northern Ireland-New York service. Also became a major operator in the Glasgow-Liverpool-Mediterranean and Glasgow-Liverpool-India trades.
When the two Handyside brothers retired, their places in the partnership were taken by Thomas Henderson’s brothers and the firm was renamed Henderson Brothers. John Henderson assisted Thomas in the management of the shipping services; David and William later took over the Clydeside shipyard and engine builders as D. and W. Henderson.
1872 the California, 360 ft. long, was delivered
1873 Stephens built the Ethiopia, one of the largest vessels of her time, "long, lean and fast".