Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Leyland Motors: National 1

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Note: This is a sub-section of Leyland Motors

The Leyland National is a British single-deck bus built in large quantities. It was developed as a joint project between two UK nationalised industries - the National Bus Company and British Leyland. Buses were constructed at a specially built factory at the Lillyhall Industrial Estate, Workington, Cumbria.

The Leyland National was built with integral, modular construction and a rear engine. All components were designed for ease of construction and replacement.

Until 1978, it was always built with a distinctive roof mounted pod at the rear, housing the heating equipment, which consequently blew warm air out at roof level. At first the pod was almost the length of a bay and appeared designed to give a Trans-Atlantic feel.

In 1974 a new shorter version of the roof pod was introduced. The Leyland National was available in two lengths, 10.3m and 11.3m. It was easy to spot the shorter one because of its squarer windows.

It was succeded by the National 2

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